Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Table of Content

  1. Introduction
  2. Duties of Editors
  3. Duties of Reviewers
  4. Duties of Authors
  5. Allegations of Research Misconduct
  6. Complaints and Appeals
  7. Intellectual Property (Copyright Policy)
  8. Ethical Guideline
  9. Plagiarism Policy
  10. Retraction and Withdrawal Policy
  11. Discussions and corrections after publication
  12. Errata and Corrigenda
  13. Advertising Policy


Profesi Pendidikan Dasar is a peer-reviewed international journal. This statement clarifies the ethical conduct of all parties involved in the publication of an article in this journal, including the author, the chief editor, the Editorial Board, the peer reviewers, and the publisher (Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta), as well as allegations of research misconduct. This statement is based on the Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors published by COPE.

Duties of Editors


Publication Decisions

Editors ensure that all submitted manuscripts being considered for publication undergo peer review by at least two reviewers who are experts in the field. The Principal Editor is responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts submitted to the journal will be published, based on the validation of the work in question, its importance to researchers and readers, the reviewers’ comments, and such legal requirements as are currently in force regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The Editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.


Fair Play

Editors evaluate submitted manuscripts exclusively on the basis of their academic merit (importance, originality, study’s validity, clarity) and its relevance to the journal’s scope, without regard to the author’s race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, citizenship, religious belief, political philosophy or institutional affiliation. Decisions to edit and publish are not determined by the policies of governments or any other agencies outside of the journal itself. The Principal Editor has full authority over the entire editorial content of the journal and the timing of publication of that content.



Editors and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.


Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Editors will not use unpublished information disclosed in a submitted manuscript for their own research purposes without the author’s explicit written consent. Privileged information or ideas obtained by editors as a result of handling the manuscript will be kept confidential and not used for their personal advantage. Editors will recuse themselves from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships/connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers; instead, they will ask another member of the editorial board to handle the manuscript.


Ethical Guideline for Journal Publication

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is a critical building block in the formation of a coherent and respected knowledge network. It reflects the caliber of the authors' work as well as the institutions that support them. The scientific method is supported and embodied by peer-reviewed articles. As a result, it is critical to agree on ethical standards for all parties involved in the publishing process: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher, and the society.

Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, as publisher of Profesi Pendidikan Dasar, takes its guardianship duties over all stages of publishing very seriously, and we are aware of our ethical and other responsibilities. We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint, or other commercial revenue has no bearing on editorial decisions. In addition, the Department of Primary Education of Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta and the Editorial Board will assist in communications with other journals and/or publishers as needed..

Allegations of Research Misconduct

Research misconduct is defined as fabrication, falsification, citation manipulation, or plagiarism in the production, performance, or review of research and writing articles by authors, or in the reporting of research results. When authors are found to be involved in research misconduct or other serious irregularities involving articles published in scientific journals, editors have a responsibility to ensure the accuracy and integrity of the scientific record.

In cases of suspected misconduct, the Editors and Editorial Board will use COPE best practices to help them resolve the complaint and address the misconduct fairly. The Editors will investigate the allegation. A manuscript that is found to contain such misconduct will be rejected. If such misconduct is discovered in a published paper, a retraction can be published and linked to the original article.

The first step is to determine the validity of the allegation and whether it is consistent with the definition of research misconduct. This initial step also includes determining whether the individuals alleging misconduct have relevant conflicts of interest.

If scientific misconduct or other significant research irregularities are suspected, the allegations are shared with the corresponding author, who is asked to provide a detailed response on behalf of all coauthors. Following receipt and evaluation of the response, additional review and participation of experts (such as statistical reviewers) may be obtained. In cases where it is unlikely that misconduct occurred, clarifications, additional analyses, or both, published as letters to the editor, often with a correction notice and correction to the published article, are sufficient.

Institutions are expected to conduct an appropriate and thorough investigation into allegations of scientific misconduct. Finally, authors, journals, and institutions have a significant obligation to ensure the accuracy of the scientific record. Profesi Pendidikan Dasar will continue to fulfill its responsibilities of ensuring the validity and integrity of the scientific record by responding appropriately to concerns about scientific misconduct and taking necessary actions based on these concerns, such as corrections, retractions with replacement, and retractions..

Publication decisions

Profesi Pendidikan Dasar journal's editor is in charge of determining which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. Such decisions must always be driven by the validation of the work in question and its value to academics and readers. The editors may be led by the editorial board's policies and bound by the legal requirements in effect at the time addressing libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. In reaching this judgment, the editors may consult with other editors or reviewers.

Complaints and Appeals

Profesi Pendidikan Dasar will have a clearly defined procedure for dealing with complaints about the journal, its Editorial Staff, Editorial Board, or its Publisher. Concerning the case of complaint, the complaints will be clarified to respected individuals. Complaints can be about anything related to the journal business process, such as the editorial process, discovered citation manipulation, unfair editor/reviewer, peer-review manipulation, and so on. The complaints will be handled in accordance with COPE guidelines. Cases of complaint should be sent via email to

Fair play

An editor at any time evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.


The editor and any editorial staff are prohibited from disclosing any information about a submitted article to anybody other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, if applicable.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author.

Duties of Reviewers

Editorial Decisions Contribution

Peer review aids the editor in making editorial decisions, and through editorial communications with the author, it may also aid the author in enhancing the paper.


If a referee feels unqualified to evaluate the research described in a manuscript or knows that a prompt review is impossible, he or she must notify the editor and withdraw from the review process.


Manuscripts submitted for evaluation must be treated as confidential documents. Except as authorized by the editor, they may not be shown to or discussed with others.

Objectiveness Standards

Reviews should be objectively conducted. It is inappropriate to criticize the author personally. Referees should articulate their positions with clarity and support.

Sources Acknowledgments

Reviewers are tasked with identifying relevant published works that have not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument has been previously reported should be accompanied by a citation. A reviewer should also bring to the editor's attention any substantial overlap or similarity between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they are aware.

Transparency and Conflict of Interest

Information or concepts obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts where they have competing, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the papers.

Duties of Authors

Reporting Requirements

Authors of reports on original research must provide an accurate description of the work performed and an objective analysis of its significance. In the paper, underlying data should be accurately represented. A paper should include sufficient information and citations to allow others to replicate the work. False or intentionally inaccurate statements constitute unethical conduct and are therefore unacceptable.

Access, Retention, and Reproducibility of Data

Authors are requested to provide the raw data associated with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data, if feasible, and should be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable period of time after publication. Authors are accountable for the reproducibility of data.

Originality and Plagiarism 

The authors should ensure that their works are entirely original, and if they have used the work and/or words of others, that they have cited or quoted them appropriately.

Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication 

In general, an author should not submit manuscripts describing essentially the same research to multiple journals or primary publications. Submitting the same manuscript to multiple journals simultaneously is unethical and unacceptable publishing behavior.

Acknowledgement of Sources 

Always give credit where credit is due; always acknowledge the work of others. Authors should cite influential works that have influenced the nature of the reported work.

Authorship and Contributorship of the Article

Authorship should be restricted to those who contributed significantly to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. As co-authors, all those who have made significant contributions should be listed.

Others should be acknowledged or listed as contributors when they have contributed to certain substantive aspects of the research project.

The corresponding author must ensure that all appropriate co-authors are listed on the paper, that no inappropriate co-authors are listed, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest 

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other material conflicts of interest that could be construed as having an impact on the results or interpretation of their manuscript. Disclosing all sources of financial support for the project is required.

Fundamental errors in published work 

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his or her own published work, it is the author's responsibility to notify the journal editor or publisher as soon as possible and to work with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Ethical Oversight 

If the research involves chemicals, humans, animals, procedures, or equipment with unusual dangers inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify them in the manuscript in order to comply with the ethical conduct of research involving human and animal subjects. If required, Authors must provide legal and ethical clearance from a legal association or organization.

If the research involves confidential data and business/marketing practices, the authors must justify whether the data or information will be securely concealed or not. 

Intellectual Property (Copyright Policy)

Journal policy about intelectual property or copyright is declared here:

Peer-Review Process Policy

Peer-Review process/policy is declared here:

Post-Publication Discussions and Corrections

Profesi Pendidikan Dasar welcomes reader comments and corrections on previously published articles. If a reader has comments and corrections on a piece that has already been published, the reader can email the editor-in-chief and express their thoughts. The discussions and corrections will be published in the following issue as a Letter to Editor if approved (by the Editor in Chief). Respected authors can respond to reader comments and edits by sending a message to the editor in chief. If applicable, the response may be published as a Response to a Letter to Editor.


Plagiarism Policy

Profesi Pendidikan Dasar (PPD) has a zero tolerance policy for plagiarism and has established the following policy outlining specific actions (penalties) that will be taken if plagiarism is discovered in an article submitted for publication in PPD.

Plagiarism is defined as "the use or close imitation of another author's language and thoughts and representation of them as one's own original work."

Submitted manuscripts must be original, unpublished, and not in the process of being published elsewhere. Any material taken verbatim from another source must be clearly distinguished from the present original text by (1) indentation, (2) quotation marks, and (3) source identification..

PPD evaluates the similarity index using Turnitin, and then the editor decides whether or not there is possible plagiarism (Similarity Report will be provided to the author). In the event of possible plagiarism, the Editorial Board will take the following actions:

  1. If the similarity report result is greater than 40%, the article will be rejected, and no resubmission will be accepted..
  2. If the Similarity Report is in the range of 25-40%: The editor will send the submission back to the author for improvement by providing adequate citations and sentence rewriting and paraphrasing even if the citation is already provided..
  3. If the similarity report is less than 25%, the manuscript will be sent to the initial review desk before receiving further reviews.

Retraction and Withdrawal Policy


The papers published in the Journal PPD will be considered to retract in the publication if:

  • They have clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error).
  • The findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing and permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication).
  • It constitutes plagiarism.
  • It reports unethical research.

The mechanism of retraction follows the Retraction Guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) which can be accessed at


Journal PPDadopts the following retraction process:

  1. An article requiring potential retraction is brought to the attention of the journal editor.
  2. The journal editor should follow the step-by-step guidelines according to the COPE flowcharts (including evaluating a response from the author of the article in question).
  3. The final decision as to whether to retract is then communicated to the author and, if necessary, any other relevant bodies, such as the author's institution on occasion.
  4. The retraction statement is then posted online and published in the next available issue of the journal (see below for more details of this step).

Note that if authors retain the copyright for an article this does not mean they automatically have the right to retract it after publication. The integrity of the published scientific record is of paramount importance and COPE’s Retraction Guidelines still apply in such cases.


The author is not allowed to withdraw submitted manuscripts after preliminarily review because the withdrawal is a waste of valuable resources that editors and referees spent a great deal of time processing submitted manuscript, money, and works invested by the publisher.

Journal PPDhas a policy regarding withdrawal as follows:

  • If the author requests the withdrawal of his/her manuscript when the manuscript is still in the peer-reviewing process, the author will be punished by paying $200 USD per manuscript.
  • If the withdrawal of the manuscript after the manuscript is accepted for publication; the author will be punished by paying $300 USD per manuscript.
  • If the author doesn't agree to pay the penalty, the author and his/her affiliation will be blacklisted for publication in this journal (3 years).
  • If the author request to withdraw a manuscript, an official letter signed by the corresponding author and agency leader must be sent to the Editor-in-Chief.

Discussions and corrections after publication

Reader feedback and corrections on previously published articles are appreciated by Varidika. A reader may send an email to the editor-in-chief with comments and corrections on an article that has already been published. If accepted, the comments and revisions will appear as a Letter to the Editor in the subsequent edition (by the Editor in Chief). Respected writers may contact the editor in chief to reply to suggestions from readers and revisions. The answer may be printed as a Response to a Letter to the Editor, if appropriate.

Errata and Corrigenda

Changes/additions to accepted articles

All content of published articles is subject to the editorial review process, organized by and under the auspices of the editor. Should the authors wish to add to their article after acceptance, they must submit a request to the editor, and the new content will be reviewed.

  • If the new material is added to the accepted article, it must be submitted for peer review as a new manuscript, referring back to the original;
  • If the new material should replace the original content of the accepted article, the editor may consider the publication of an erratum or a corrigendum.


An erratum is a correction of errors introduced to the article by the publisher.

All publisher-introduced changes are highlighted to the author at the proof stage, and any errors are ideally identified by the author and corrected by the publisher before final publication.


A corrigendum refers to a change to the article that the author wishes to publish at any time after acceptance. Authors should contact the journal editor, who will determine the impact of the change and decide on the appropriate course of action.

Advertising Policy

  1. Journal PPDsets high ethical standards in all its activities and, above all, defends the right to editorial independence. It does not allow advertising or sponsorship to influence the decisions made on editorial content.
  2. Readers understand that advertising is different from editorial material. They know that the claims made in advertising are not endorsed by Varidika.
  3. Journal PPDwill carry advertisements that are legal and decent and conform to current recommendations and guidelines.
  4. Decisions on the positioning of advertisements are made independently of decisions made in the editorial department on the content of a specific issue.
  5. Editorial material will not be influenced by advertising. Journal PPDdoes not publish material to accompany advertising and does not sell advertising in relation to particular articles.

All decisions are at the discretion of the editor. If commercial clients adhere to these guidelines then their advertisement or sponsorship is likely to be accepted. Occasionally decisions may take time.