Prototype development of mecanum wheels mobile robot: A review


  • Mohd Azri Abd Mutalib Machine Design Section, Machinery Technology Centre, SIRIM Berhad, No. 1A, Persiaran Zurah, Kawasan Perindustrian Rasa, 44200, Hulu Selangor, Malaysia
  • Norsinnira Zainul Azlan Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 53100. Malaysia



Driving control , Dynamic modelling , Kinematic analysis , Mecanum wheels , Prototype development


This paper provides the review and prototype development of mecanum wheels mobile robot (MWMR). Nowadays, there is a high market demand for a wheeled machine or wheeled robot for various applications. The ability to move in any direction without altering even a single wheel makes this type of wheel useful for driving, especially in a narrowed or confined space. Various styles of implementing MWMR are discussed in this paper. The kinematic derivation and dynamic modelling are also presented. Characteristically, mecanum wheels face traditional mobile application issues like jerking and slippage, contributing to low positioning accuracy and repeatability. Besides, environmental factors like disturbance and uncertainty also contribute to these issues. The control strategies in previous research have been reviewed and presented in this paper to reduce the effect. Finally, a low-cost prototype of MWMR was developed as an experimental platform for future study.


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How to Cite

Abd Mutalib, M. A., & Azlan, N. Z. (2020). Prototype development of mecanum wheels mobile robot: A review. Applied Research and Smart Technology (ARSTech), 1(2), 71-82.