Publication Ethics


Forum Geografi (P-ISSN: 0852-0682, e-ISSN: 2460-3945) is dedicated to keeping the highest standards of publication ethics and employs all practical safeguards against publication malpractice. This policy outlines the ethical conduct expected of all individuals involved in the publication of an article in this journal, including the author, the editor in chief, associate editor, editorial board, reviewer, and publisher. This declaration is based on the COPE website and Rector Regulation 133/R/III/2017 of Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta. Our duty is to publish original works of value to the intellectual community in the best form and to the highest standards. We hold both our reviewers and authors to the same high standards. One of the key qualities that enables us to accomplish our mission is honesty. Honesty, originality, and fair dealing on the part of authors as well as fairness, objectivity, and secrecy on the part of editors and reviewers. Forum Geografi is dedicated to upholding the highest standards in regards to moral issues, mistakes, and retractions, as well as to offering legal advice where required.

Allegation of Research Misconduct

Research misconduct refers to fabrication, falsification, citation manipulation, or plagiarism in the creation, performance, or review of research as well as in the article-writing process by authors or in the dissemination of study findings. Editors have a duty to preserve the accuracy and integrity of the scientific record when authors are discovered to have engaged in research misconduct or other major irregularities regarding articles that have been published in scientific journals.

The Editors and Editorial Board will use COPE's best practices when investigating allegations of misconduct to help them fairly settle the situation. The Editors will also look into the claim as part of this. If such misbehavior is discovered in a manuscript that has been submitted, it will be rejected. If such misbehavior is discovered in a study that has already been published, a retraction might be released with a link to the original publication.

Assessing the validity of the claim and whether it complies with the definition of research misconduct constitutes the first step. This first phase also entails figuring out whether the people who are accused of misbehavior have pertinent conflicts of interest.

Allegations are discussed with the corresponding author, who is asked to respond in-depth on behalf of all coauthors if there is a chance that there was scientific misconduct or other significant research abnormalities. Following receipt and evaluation of the response, further examination and consultation with subject-matter specialists (such as statisticians) may be sought. Clarifications, new analyses, or both, published as letters to the editor, frequently including a correction notice and revision to the published article, are sufficient in situations where it is unlikely that wrongdoing has taken place.

Institutions are expected to investigate claims of scientific misconduct properly and completely. The accuracy of the scientific record must ultimately be ensured by authors, journals, and organizations. Forum Geografi will continue to carry out the duties of ensuring the validity and integrity of the scientific record, as outlined in the Plagiarism Policy and R-W-C Policy, by appropriately responding to concerns about scientific misconduct and taking necessary actions based on the evaluation of these concerns, such as corrections, retractions with replacement, and retractions.

Disputes and Appeals

There will be a defined process in place at Forum Geografi for processing grievances against the publication, editorial staff, editorial board, or publisher. The complaints will be explained to the recognized individual with regard to the complaint case. Any issue pertaining to the journal business process, such as the editorial process, finding citation manipulation, unjust editors/reviewers, peer-review manipulation, etc., falls under the purview of complaints. The handling of the complaint cases will follow COPE regulations.

Ethical Review

In order to adhere to the ethical standards for research involving human and animal subjects, the author must explicitly state in the paper if the study involves chemicals, people, animals, techniques, or equipment that have any exceptional risks inherent in their usage. The Authors shall, if requested by the association or legal entity, offer legal and ethical clearance.

Whether or not the data or information will be hidden securely depends on whether the research incorporates confidential data and business/marketing strategies.

The obligations of Editors, Authors, and Reviewers are outlined in the following paragraphs in order to ensure excellent publication procedures.

Editors' obligations and responsibilities.

Publication Decisions

Editors make sure that every manuscript submitted for publication is subjected to peer review by at least two subject-matter specialists. The Principal Editor is in charge of choosing which manuscripts submitted to the journal will be published, taking into account the validity of the work, its significance to researchers and readers, the reviewers' comments, and any applicable laws pertaining to libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism at the time. When making this choice, the Editor may consult with additional editors or reviewers.

Play Fair

Without taking into account the author's race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, citizenship, religion, political philosophy, or institutional affiliation, editors evaluate submitted manuscripts solely on the basis of their academic merit (importance, originality, study's validity, and clarity), as well as their relevance to the journal's scope. Government policies or those of any other external organizations have no bearing on the decisions to edit and publish. The Principal Editor has complete control over all of the journal's editorial content, including when it will be published.


The corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, where applicable, are the only people who editors and any editorial staff may discuss a submission with.

Interest conflicts and disclosure

Without the author's express written approval, editors will not use unpublished information revealed in a submitted manuscript for their own study. Editors will maintain the confidentiality of any privileged information or ideas they acquire while working on the text, and they will not exploit them for their own benefit. Editors will ask another member of the editorial board to handle manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from cooperative, competitive, or other relationships/connections with any of the authors, businesses, or institutions associated with the papers.

Management of unethical behavior(s)

When ethical concerns about a submitted manuscript or published article have been raised, editors and the publisher(s) should respond in a logical way. Even if an act of unethical publishing behavior is found years after publication, it will still be investigated.

Authors' obligations and responsibilities

Reporting Standards

Authors conducting original research should give a truthful account of the work done and the outcomes, followed by a dispassionate appraisal of the study's relevance. The manuscript should include enough specifics and citations to allow other authors to duplicate the work. In contrast to editorial "opinion" or perspective pieces, review articles should be truthful, impartial, and complete. False or deliberately inaccurate statements are inappropriate and represent unethical behavior.

Data access and retention

The raw data associated with a work is requested from the authors for editorial review, and they should be ready to make it accessible to the public and, in any case, to keep the data on hand for a fair period of time following publication.

Originality and plagiarism

Authors should make sure that their writing is wholly unique and that, if they do utilize the ideas or words of others, they have properly cited or quoted them. Plagiarism can take many different forms, including 'passing off' another author's paper as the author's own study, copying or paraphrasing significant portions of another article without giving due credit, and claiming the findings of other people's research. All forms of plagiarism are forbidden and represent unethical publishing conduct. To verify that each manuscript is original, we will run it via a plagiarism detector. Additionally, a letter of assurance from the author(s) confirming that the paper is original must be submitted with every piece.

Multiple, redundant, or concurrent publications

It is not advisable to publish papers reporting essentially the same study in more than one journal or principal publication. As a result, authors shouldn't submit a work that has previously been accepted by or published in another publication. It is unacceptable and immoral to submit a work concurrently to more than one journal.

Source acknowledgment

Authors must make sure that they have appropriately recognized the work of others and must list any sources that had a significant impact on how the reported work was defined. Without the source's express, written consent, information collected informally (via communication, email, or discussions with third parties) cannot be utilized or reported. Authors must get the express written consent of the author(s) of the work engaged in these services before using any information they learn while performing confidential services, such as reviewing grant applications or manuscripts.

Authorship of the paper

Only individuals who significantly contributed to the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of the reported study should be given the privilege of authorship. Co-authors should be named for everyone who contributed significantly. Other people who have contributed to the research endeavor in meaningful ways should be recognized or identified as contributors when applicable. The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that all co-authors have read, approved, and given their consent for the manuscript to be submitted for publication.

Fundamental errors in published works

It is the responsibility of the author to contact the publisher or journal editor as soon as a serious error or inaccuracy in the author's own published work is found, and to work with the editor to retract or fix the manuscript. The author must promptly retract or revise the paper or give the editor proof that the original paper was accurate if the editor or publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a serious error.

Hazards and human or animal subjects

The author must explicitly state in the article any exceptional hazards associated with the use of any chemicals, techniques, or equipment used in the work. The author should make sure the article contains a statement that all procedures were carried out in accordance with applicable laws and institutional policies and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) has authorized them if the work involves the use of human or animal subjects. The manuscript should contain a statement from the authors stating that informed consent was acquired before using human participants for experimentation. Human subjects' private rights must always be respected.
The author is responsible for ensuring that any work involving human subjects has been done in accordance with The Declaration of Helsinki, which is the World Medical Association's code of ethics for research involving humans.

Declaration of competing interests

Any financial and personal ties to other persons or organizations that can be seen as improperly influencing (biasing) an author's work should be disclosed by all authors in their paper. The role of the sponsor(s), if any, in the study's design, data collection, analysis, and interpretation, report writing, and decision to submit the article for publication should all be disclosed, as should all financial sources used to conduct the research and/or prepare the article. It should be indicated if the funding source(s) did not participate in such activities. In the manuscript/paper template, the author must disclose any potential conflicts of interest.

Image integrity

It is not permitted to improve, hide, reposition, delete, or add a certain feature to a photograph. Brightness, contrast, and color balance adjustments are permissible as long as they don't obfuscate or remove any of the information that was present in the original. Image alteration for better clarity is acceptable, however manipulation for other reasons may be viewed as a breach of scientific ethics and will be handled as such. Authors must abide by any special guidelines for graphical pictures imposed by the relevant publication, such as include the original images in the paper as supplemental material or depositing them in an appropriate repository.

Duties and Responsibilities of Reviewers

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Peer review aids the editor in editing judgments and may also help the author improve the article through editorial communications with the author.


Any chosen referee who believes they are ill-equipped to evaluate the research presented in a manuscript or who is aware that doing so in a timely manner will be impossible should inform the editor and withdraw from the review process.


Any manuscripts that are sent to you for review need to be handled with confidentiality. They cannot be discussed or shown to anybody without the editor's permission.

Standards of Objectivity

Reviews ought to be carried out impartially. It is inappropriate to criticize the author personally. Referees should clearly state their positions and provide evidence to back them up.

Source acknowledgment

Reviewers should point out pertinent published works that the authors have not cited. Any claim that a certain observation, deduction, or argument has already been recorded should be supported by the appropriate citation. Any significant overlap or resemblance between the manuscript under consideration and any other published material of which the reviewer has firsthand knowledge should be brought to the editor's attention.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Peer review's privileged knowledge or ideas must be kept secret and not used for one's own benefit. Reviewers shouldn't take into account submissions when they have relationships or links with any of the authors, organizations, or businesses associated with the papers that are competitive, cooperative, or involve other relationships or connections.