Author Guidelines

Applied Research and Smart Technology (ARSTech), published biannually (June and December), is a peer-reviewed open-access journal organised by Engineering Research Group Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta Indonesia. ARSTech promotes the application and development of intelligent technologies in various engineering sectors, which offer practical and sustainable solutions in modern human life based on the advancement of green and clean technologies.

The journal welcomes all contributions from engineers, academicians, researchers, and practitioners to report new ideas and developments in engineering fields through original research or review articles. This journal emphasises these fascinating discoveries, making it required reading for anybody interested in recouping earnings that have been lost due to the introduction of innovative technologies. The article content emphasises innovative technologies based on research or smart ideas based on literature reviews in any technological engineering. Innovative technology can be applied to industrial processes involving chemical reactions, motion mechanics, control and automation, communications and computer programming, artificially intelligent and the internet of things. In addition, research objects can use existing technology in transportation such as motorcycles, cars, trains, aeroplanes, ships, engineering medical devices to the nanoscale, and applications in various industries.

All manuscripts submitted to the ARSTech journal must be well-prepared in proper English. The journal's language is English (British or American spelling, but it should be consistent with only one form in the same manuscript). The work should not have been published or submitted for other publication elsewhere. 

All submitted articles will be peer-reviewed by the technical experts/reviewers from the same field to achieve the publication standard of ARSTech Journal. The review process may take up to four weeks.

Authors are strongly suggested to use the submitted template of ARSTech Journal correctly. Please ensure a manuscript has been well-prepared within a high standard before submitting it. A checklist will be essential to check all the items needed in the article. Both template and checklist can be downloaded here:: ARSTech submission template.doc ; ARSTech checklist.pdf



Subdivision - numbered sections

Create clearly defined and numbered sections in your article following the ARSTech template. Numbering is only for introduction, material and methods, theory, results and discussion, and conclusion, and the section numbering does not include the abstract and the references.


Describe the work's aims and provide a proper context. Avoid a lengthy literature review or findings summary. Introduction, brief references to prior work on the subject, should state the reason for a research focus. The introduction summarises what the researcher proposes to report and highlights how it moves from earlier work. A literature review builds a concept or a theory as the basis of the current study. It is not solely to rewrite in sequence the essence of reference articles in the introduction but also to show the relevance of the cases being studied with the literature that used to be known relatively and contribute to new research become apparent. Therefore, the authors need to disclose what findings have been achieved. Similarly, reveal what has not been explored based on the existing literature to find knowledge gaps. An introduction must state the work's objectives and describe an adequate background in simple statements.

Material and methods

Provide enough information to allow an independent researcher to replicate the work. The section describes a proposed strategy and research design, materials/specimens, experimental apparatus, measurement instrumentation, research process, and data collection, including data analysis. A modification of the existing techniques or installation should be fairly described, and it is not necessary to provide specific descriptions of common techniques and equipment. For experiments, an experimental setup and specimens can be commonly provided using a sketch or figures, respectively. Meanwhile, other methods can be defined accordingly. The sources must be cited and marked in the primary texts if the research quotes a previously published method.


A theory section should expand on the context of the article already covered in the introduction and establish the groundwork for future work. On the other hand, an analytical calculation section practically applies a theoretical foundation, and this theory can follow the procedure or be inserted as needed.

Results and Discussion

The results and discussion section's description should be well-prepared, objectives, clear, concise, and meaningful to highlight the essential outcomes. A combined section of results and discussion is often appropriate to avoid unnecessary repetition. Avoid lengthy citations and discussions of published works. As a guideline, it is suggested to provide the primary observations and findings in chronological order, based on the research accomplishments. It should include 1) the observational findings, 2) the scientific explanation (academic discussion) of the data obtained for the research purposes, 3) interpretation of the research findings and critical discussion by comparing to available data in the open literature, and 4) an in-depth discussion of the most recent key data findings and their implications for the research fields.


The study's key findings may be provided in a concise conclusion section, which may stand alone or be a subsection of the Results and Discussion section. The conclusions must be supported by the data. 


Authors should pay attention to:

  • A title should be accurate, unambiguous, specific, complete, and informative. Do not contain infrequently-used abbreviations; a declarative title is preferred rather than a descriptive title.
  • An abstract should be factual that represent a concise and meaningful description of paper contents. It is presented briefly in about 150-250 words. The abstract should contain the problem statements with a brief background, the research objectives, approaches or the proposed methods, the main results, and significant findings, including valuable conclusions and implications. It should be an abbreviated and accurate presentation of the paper contents to deliver the work's critical outputs. There will be ideally quantified data to provide sufficient information for readers. The abstract should not contain any equations, references, or footnotes. This style may help the authors to organise an appropriate abstract of a research article, for example, starting from a brief background (1-2 sentences), purposes (1-2 sentences), method and research scenarios, including various specimens and investigated parameters (2-6 sentences), main findings (2-5 sentences), valuable conclusions and implication (1-2 sentences).
  • Keywords are commonly composed of about five words or phrases in alphabetical order, separated by commas, that clearly describe the subject matter
  • A submitted manuscript must reach a minimum of 2,500 words and a maximum of 4,000 words. It can be included up to 8-12 figures and 2-4 tables. The words are counted only from the introduction, methods, results and discussion. The section of abstract, conclusion, references, figure captions, and tables will not be counted toward the word count.
  • All publications cited in the primary texts must be listed in single spacing using the IEEE style. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The ARSTech journal suggests citing more than 25 references for a research article, whereas a review article should cite more than 60 references from journal articles to reach the highest quality of the manuscript. The list of references indents 10 mm from the second line of each reference. Blogs, personal communications and unpublished data are not acceptable references.

Authors Submission Guideline

What documents must be uploaded together when submitting an article

Online Submission

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