Sugar Consumption of the Adult Age Group: Phenomenological Study




sugar consumption, daily life, age group, phenomenological study


Sugar consumption has been associated with some diseases such as diabetes mellitus in Indonesia. Qualitative informations regarding sugar consumption patterns among adult individuals is an essential approach to construct appropriate approaches to the emerging problems. The qualitative descriptive method with the phenomenological approach of this research employed a purposive sample technique with data saturation as the number determinant. The key informants who meet the requirements and are willing to participate are given an Informed Consent to be filled in before the interview. Interviews were done by semi structured guided questions. The Colaizzi 7 steps qualitative analysis technique are used to examine the data obtained 7 key informants participated voluntarily in this study. Results: There are 3 sub-themes emerged from the verbatim data: sugar sources, adjustment of the type of sugar intake, attempts to change sugar consumption patterns, and interventions related to sugar eating habits. The three sub-themes formed three major themes: the pattern of sugar intake and consumption time in daily routine, the attempt to change the habits of sugar consumption, the approach in changing the patterns of sugar consuming habits in adults through experience and knowledge, daily practice and through health education. As a health educator, it is expected to be able to modify society’s sugar consumption habits.

Author Biographies

Rani Nuraeni, Universitas Advent Indonesia

Samuel M. Simanjuntak, Universitas Advent Indonesia


Antari, Ni Kadek Novi, and Hindrata Aditya Esmond. 2017. “Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.”

Ardiani, Hasnabila Esti, Tria Astika Endah Permatasari, and Sugiatmi Sugiatmi. 2021. "Obesity, Diet Patterns, and Physical Activity in Handling Diabetes Mellitus During the Covid-19 Pandemic." Muhammadiyah Journal of Nutrition and Food Science (MJNF) 2(1):1. https://doi: 10.24853/mjnf.2.1.1-12.

Arizal, Haris, Aditya Januarsa, and Esty Fadhila. 2018. "Motion Graphic Design in Limiting Consumption of Sugar, Salt and Fat for Young Adults." Journal of Records of the National Institute of Technology 1–15.

Atmarita, Atmarita, Abas B. Jahari, Sudikno Sudikno, and Moesijanti Soekatri. 2017. “Sugar, Salt, And Fat Intake In Indonesia: Analysis of the 2014 Individual Food Consumption Survey (SKMI). Indonesian Nutrition 39(1):1. doi: 10.36457/gizindo.v39i1.201.

Burhan, Fatimah Zahra, Saifuddin Sirajuddin, and Rahayu Indriasari. 2013. "Consumption Patterns of Central Obesity Events in Government Employees at the Jeneponto District Regent's Office. Hasanuddin University Makasar 1–14.

Dinisari, Mia Chitra. 2021. "High Cases of Diabetes in Indonesia." 06 December. Retrieved (

Fatimah, Petti Siti, and Putra Apriadi Siregar. 2020. "Pattern of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption with the Incidence of Diabetes Mellitus in Coastal Communities." Bali Health Published Journal 2(1):26–36. doi: 10.47859/bhpj.v2i1.110.

Febrianti, Devy, Ridwan M. Thaha, and Healty Hidayanty. 2020. "Dietary Pattern of Type 2 DM Outpatients at Unhas Teaching Hospital."

Fibra Milita, S. H. (2021). The incidence of Type II Diabetes Mellitus in the Elderly in Indonesia (2018 Riskesdas Analysis). Journal of medicine and health

Goldman, Leslie. 2021. “Is There a Hypoglycemia Diet.” June 21. Retrieved (

Gupta, A., Smithers, L. G., Harford, J., Merlin, T., & Braunack-Mayer, A. (2018). Determinants of knowledge and attitudes about sugar and the association of knowledge and attitudes with sugar intake among adults: A systematic review. Appetite, 126, 185–194.

Gustimigo, Zelta Pratiwi. 2015. "Sleep Quality of Patients with Diabetes Mellitus The Sleep Quality Of Patients With Diabetes Mellitus."

Hall, M., Walicka, M., Panczyk, M., & Traczyk, I. (2022). Assessing Long-Term Impact of Dietary Interventions on Occurrence of Symptoms Consistent with Hypoglycemia in Patients without Diabetes: A One-Year Follow-Up Study. Nutrients, 14(3), 497.

Hidayat, A. R., & Nurhayati, I. (2014). Perawatan kaki pada penderita diabetes militus di rumah. Jurnal Permata Indonesia, 5(2), 49-54.

Jagger, Wander. 2003. "Breaking 'Bad Habits': A Dynamical Perspective on Habit." Human Decision Making and Environmental Perception: Understanding and Assisting Human Decision Making in Real-Life Settings. Liber Amicorum for Charles Vlek, (July):149–60.

Joo, Nami, Shin-Kyum Kim, and Ji-young Yoon. 2017. "High School Students' Sugar Intake Behaviors and Consumption of Sugar Processed Food Based on the Level of Sugar-Related Nutrition Knowledge in Seoul Area." Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 22(1):1. doi: 10.5720/kjcn.2017.22.1.1.

Loanda, Evelyn, Ay Ly Margaret, and Jenny Hidayat. 2016. "Daily Sugar Intake From Ingredients for Complementary Cuisine." Andalas Medical Magazine 39(1):21.

Matthew A Stults-Kolehmainen, M. B. (2020). Motivational Statuses for Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior: Desires, Urges, Desires, and Desires. National Center For Biotechnology Information

Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, 2019. "Bad Diet/Unhealthy Menu Causes One in Five Deaths." April 09. Retrieved (

Mertha, I. Made, I. Nyoman Ribek, and I. Made Widastra. 2015. "Knowledge and Compliance Control of Diabetes Mellitus Patients." The Journal of Scale Husada 13:165–76.

Praveena K.R, S. S. (2022). Application of Colaizzi’s Method of Data Analysis in Phenomenological Research. ResearchGate

Pramesta, Vradea, Alvira Intar Bella Cahya, Ragil Saptaningtyas, Stalis Norma Ethica, and Ayu Rahmawati Sulistyaningtyas. 2021. "Counseling on the Dangers of Excessive Sugar Consumption in the People of Sumberlerak Village, Boyolali Regency Using Media Posters." UPI YPTK Scientific Magazine 28(2):36–41.

Republic of Indonesia, Ministry of Health. 2019. World Diabetes Day 2018 Definition of Diabetes.

Utami, Yulianti Pratiwi, Agung Triayudi, and Endah Tri Esthi Handayani. 2021. "Expert System for Detection of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Using Android-Based Forward Chaining and Certainty Factor Methods." JTIK Journal (Information and Communication Technology Journal) 4(2):49.




How to Cite

Nuraeni, R., & Simanjuntak, S. M. (2023). Sugar Consumption of the Adult Age Group: Phenomenological Study. Jurnal Berita Ilmu Keperawatan, 16(2), 176–183.